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Judging art shows can be a challenge. It’s not an exact science, thank goodness, and it can often leave room for second guessing oneself.
All art has intellectual, technical and emotional components…and they all need to be considered as part of the judging process. » Read More
If you want to be juried into an art show, or win an award in a show, it’s important that you have “connections”. Knowing the judge or jurors doesn’t hurt, maybe even being involved in the host organization will further your changes of winning something, anything…Right?
Accusations of award winners being preselected or friends being shown favoritism are occasionally leveled against art organizations by disappointed applicants. Oil Painters of America is not immune from such criticism. The question is, is there justification for such accusations?
Recently, within the last three weeks, I was bestowed the honor of seeing how an OPA Selection Committee works…from the inside out. I was one of five judges chosen to select the paintings that will be in the OPA Western Regional Exhibition this October at the Lee Youngman Galleries in Calistoga,
Now that all the selections have been made, I am able to tell you how it works.
First off, you need to know, I still do not know who the other four jurors were…and will probably never know. I asked out of curiosity, after the judging was completed, but received no response. Another thing, only two people knew the identity of the five jurors, the OPA President and the Jury Chairman.
We had four days to rate the 924 entries, grading them on a scale from one to seven. The entries were viewed using the internet and we had no way of knowing how other jurors voted. After all the grades for each painting were compiled we were given an additional three days to reevaluate the top 190 entries scoring them in the same way…one to seven. Those receiving the highest cumulative scores were selected for the show.
I did not enter the competition this year, but if I had, I was instructed to vote for my painting in order to avoid any possible computer processing issues. However, it was the average score of the other jurors that would have been substituted for my vote. So, even in that, the temptation to show favoritism toward one’s own work was eliminated.
Paintings were evaluated based on design and execution. The best works had one dominant value, a dominant color harmony, a clear center of interest, balance, accurate drawing, convincing value relationships, consistent and believable color temperature relationships, appropriate variety of hard and soft edges, and varied and interesting paint application.
Get all those elements right and you ended up with a seven…in the top 1-3 percent of entries.
I have judged many art shows and only once did I sense a little urging to vote a certain way…and that was for an Elementary School art competition.
Oh, you may be wondering if the artist’s signature on a painting has an influence. Well, to be very honest, I make it a matter of personal integrity to avoid looking at the signature. If the focal point of the painting is located in the area of the signature, there’s no need to be concerned about awards.
I’m sure if an advantage can be gained in any art competition, there will be those who will try to get that advantage. But, as for the Oil Painters of America Exhibitions, I was most impressed to see just how unbiased the jury process actually is. This should be an encouragement to many of you. Hey, it all comes down to the quality of the work, not to who you are or whom you know.
Below are website links to those featured in this article:
The following is a speech I presented in May 2003 to the Topics II Book Club – a group of teachers and educators associated with St. Mark’s School in Dallas. My purpose was to talk about art and artists in general, and painting in particular. From an artists point of view I also hoped to bring encouraging words to those wishing to develop their creativity.
It’s a privilege to be invited to speak to you this afternoon. As I look out over this audience I see highly educated, well-dressed, sophisticated people and I feel like I’m out of my element. Artists after all are perceived to be moody, unconventional, eccentric, weird, unpredictable, irresponsible, undependable, undisciplined, drugged, either a loner or a communer, illogical, disorganized, definitely a leftist, and probably poor, but not really concerned about it. If you see anyone like this, I advise you to turn the other way and run as fast as you can.
You know, these perceptions saved me a traffic ticket one evening. Those were the days when I had a studio in the Turtle Creek area. One night after a long, hard day at the “office”, I was in a hurry to get home and see my wife and just zipping along in my little car when I noticed those awful red lights in my rear view mirror. The police officer, I could see, already had his pad out before he got to my car. “Do you realize how fast you were going?”, he asked, as he began filling out that unwanted ticket. “No Sir”, I said, “I had my mind on other things and wasn’t aware of my speed. I’m hurrying home to see my wife.” Then, for some reason, he asked what I did for a living. “I’m an artist”, I said. At that he threw up his arms and exclaimed, “Oh, that explains it! My brother-in-law is an artist and you’re all eccentric.” At that, he put the pad back in his pocket and bid me a good day as I slowly continued on my way, grateful for being an artist.
These perceptions that others have of us artists have contributed to creating an atmosphere in which just about anything is called ART. So we wonder, what makes something art and what gualifies one to be called an artist?
I’ve compiled a list of the art movements occuring within just the last 100 years or so and I don’t even know what some of these are and I’m sure I have not listed all of them – but here goes…Realism, impressionism, post-impressionism, fauvism, expressionism, naturalism, neo-impressionism, minimalism, futurism, primitivism, surrealism, cubism, abstract-expressionism, dadaism, mannerism, romanticism, conceptualism, symbolism, regionalism, modernism, post-modernism and neo-classicism. Are all these “ISMS” art, just because they’re new and different and some critic declares them so?
Is it original? That’s the primary concern of many art critics and art show jurors. That means, is it different (cutting edge). And that usually involves pushing back the spiritual boundaries of our culture resulting in the vulgar, obscene, crude, blasphemous, brash, offensive, demeaning, immoral, loud, abusive, shocking, embarrassing, AND the untalented…all for “recognition.” The art critic and museum director appears and tells the so called ‘ignorant masses’ that this NEW ART is good, chic, modern, original and revolutionary…and if you’re “with it”, you will embrace it.
That reminds me of one of my favorite art stories. An art collector entered a big-name New York art gallery and was immediately blown away when his eyes fell upon a massive, totally white canvas with a small black dot right in the center. Standing in awe before the canvas for sometime, the collector’s amazement was interrupted when the gallery owner mentioned that this artist was their biggest seller. “Oh, the painting is unbelievable, it’s so strong, thought provoking and passionate”, said the collector. “I must have it. How much is it?” “Three-hundred thousand”, said the gallery director. “Send it to my home immediately”, said the collector. “I just couldn’t bear the thought of being without it. I can’t wait to put it up so I can just sit in front of it and soak it all in and if the artist ever does something similar, I want to be the first to know.” Well, the big-time gallery owner let it be known that these kind of paintings take a lot of time, thought, and life experience. The artist can’t just whip them out. Well, about eighteen months later a new painting arrived at the gallery and the collector was called. The new painting was again massive…a totally white canvas with two small black dots right in the center. This time however, the collector just didn’t experience that same burst of excitment as he did with the first painting. “What do you think?”, the gallery owner excitedly asked. “Oh, it’s OK”, said the collector, “but I just don’t care for it as much as the one I already own. This one’s just too busy.”
The artist who can’t draw, might say the work is not about drawing because that’s outmoded. It’s about self-expression, the concept, the color, texture or shapes. What becomes really important is the process of painting, just being creative – the result is really not that important…and that too is called ART.
I like what Johann Sebastian Bach said: “All music should be to the glory of God and refreshment to the soul.”
Let’s do a couple of definitions here and tie this all together. These are my working definitions that are subject to change over time. ART: the production or expression of what is BEAUTIFUL, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance. The skillful and imaginative creation of objects that interpret human experience and produce an aesthetic response. BEAUTY: the quality of an object that excites admiring pleasure in sense or thought. It’s a quality of high order that delights the eye, the intellect or moral sense. The perfection of form, and color with pleasing proportion and symmetry. ARTIST: the artist therefore is a person who creates BEAUTIFUL things that are more than ordinary, that are of high quality, that delight the eye, the intellect and the moral sense of man. The works are of excellent form, color, proportion and symmetry and display great skill and imagination.
From these definitions, these are the things I see: Self-discipline, thorough education; hard, consistent labor to refine and perfect one’s skill, perseverance; knowledge of what is beautiful and why, love of the truth, appreciation and application of the art that has come before us; awareness of our surroundings and man’s place in it; a desire, even a need to express ourselves through the arts…and having something to say. Also, intrinsically built into art itself are sensual, emotional and intellectual beauty. There is no bad art, bad creations maybe but not art. I think being an artist is something we can grow into. We’re all born creative. That’s one facet of the divine in us that makes us uniquely human rather than animal. The giftedness seems to be entwined with a desire and will to develop and refine our creativity. With the giftedness comes RESPONSIBILITY to God, who gave us the gift, and to our fellow man who we are to love.
Expressing ourselves through art is at the heart of what we do. It is our visual communication, and in many ways it’s similar to oral communication. As in all communication, a language, a vocabulary and an audience are necesary. Therefore, it also follows that the more extensive our vocabulary and knowledge of the language, the more expressive and creative we can be in communicating what we want to say. What is called modern art, in many ways is limited in its communication and its audience. Communication is limited by the artist because of his lack of vocabulary and knowledge of the language – and in this insufficiency he is encouraged by the art critic. Communication is limited to the viewer because they don’t understand it.
So, if you’re interested in painting or in expressing your creative inclinations in other ways – what should you do? The following are some recommendations.
1) Identify your natural inclinations toward creativity and your specific expressions. 2) Have the will to study, to look, to try, to fail and TO KEEP GOING day after day, day in, day out. 3) Search out those that are doing what you would like to do and study under them. 4) Within your creative area try lots of different things such as approaches, techniques and media. 5) Become involved in organizations that concentrate on your area of interest. 6) Find stimulating friendships.
Thanks very much for being here and allowing me to voice my opinion. (The speech was followed by a slide show of my work).